Publications Carel ten Cate


  • Spierings, M.J. & ten Cate, C. 2016. Zebra Finches As a Model Species to Understand the Roots of Rhythm. Frontiers In Neuroscience 10: 354
  • Lachlan, R.F., van Heijningen, C.A.A., ter Haar, S.M. & ten Cate, C. 2016. Zebra Finch Song Phonology and Syntactical Structure across Populations and Continents-A Computational Comparison. Frontiers In Psychology 7:980.
  • Spierings, M.J. & ten Cate, C. 2016. Budgerigars and zebra finches differ in how they generalize in an artificial grammar learning experiment. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 113: E3977-E3984.
  • Neo, Y.Y., Hubert, J., Bolle, L., Winter, H.V., ten Cate, C. & Slabbekoorn, H. 2016.  Sound exposure changes European seabass behaviour in a large outdoor floating pen: Effects of temporal structure and a ramp-up procedure. Environmental Pollution 214:26-34.
  • Kriengwatana, B., Spierings, M.J. & ten Cate, C. 2016. Auditory discrimination learning in zebra finches: effects of sex, early life conditions and stimulus characteristics. Animal Behaviour 116:99-112.
  • ten Cate, C., Spierings, M.J., Hubert, J. & Honing, H.2016. Can Birds Perceive Rhythmic Patterns? A Review and Experiments on a Songbird and a Parrot Species. Frontiers In Psychology 7:730.
  • Chen, J., Jansen, N.& ten Cate, C. 2016. Zebra finches are able to learn affixation-like patterns. Animal Cognition 19: 65-73.


  • Honing, H., ten Cate, C., Peretz, I. & Trehub, S.E. 2015. Without it no music: cognition, biology and evolution of musicality. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 370: 20140088.
  • Hoeschele, M., Merchant, H., Kikuchi, Y., Hattori, Y. & ten Cate, C. 2015. Searching for the origins of musicality across species. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 370: 20140094.
  • Kriengwatana, B., Escudero, P. & ten Cate, C. 2015. Revisiting vocal perception in non-human animals: a review of vowel discrimination, speaker voice recognition, and speaker normalization. Frontiers in Psychology 5:1543.
  • Chen, J, van Rossum, D, ten Cate, C 2015. Artificial grammar learning in zebra finches and human adults: XYX vs XXY. Animal Cognition 18:151-1.


  • ter Haar, S.M., Kaemper, W., Stam, K., Levelt, C.C. ten Cate, C. 2014. The interplay of within-species perceptual predispositions and experience during song ontogeny in zebra finches (Taeniopygia guttata). Proceedings of the Royal Society London B. 281: 20141860.
  • ten Cate, C. 2014. On the phonetic and syntactic abilities of birds. Current Opinion in Neurobiology 28:157-164.
  • Neo, Y.Y., Seitz, J., Kastelein, R.A., Winter, H.V., ten Cate, C. & Slabbekoorn, H. 2014. Temporal structure of sound affects behavioural recovery from noise impact in European seabass. Biological Conservation 178: 65–73
  • ten Cate, C. 2014. Towards a fruitful interaction between behavioral ecology and cognitive science: a comment on Rowe and Healy. Behavioral Ecology 25: 1295-1296.
  • Spierings, M.J. & ten Cate, C. 2014. Zebra finches are sensitive to prosodic features of human speech. Proceedings of the Royal Society London B. 281: 20140480.


  • Lachlan, RF, Verzijden, MN, Bernard, CS, Jonker, P-P, Koese, B, Jaarsman, S, Spoor, S. & Slater, P.J.B. & ten Cate, C. 2013. The progressive loss of syntactical structure in bird song along an island colonization chain. Current Biology 23; 1896-1901.
  • Sertlek, H.O., Slabbekoorn, H., ten Cate, C.J., Ainsli, M. 2013. Insights into the calculations of metrics for transient sounds in shallow water. Proceedings of Meetings on Accoustics 17; 070076.
  • ten Cate, C. 2013. Acoustic communication in plants: Do the woods really sing? Behavioral Ecology 24:799-800.
  • Verzijden, M.N., ten Cate, C., Servedio, M.R., Kozak., G.G., Boughman, J.W., Svensson, E.I. 2013. The impact of learned mating traints on speciation is not yet clear: response to Kawecki. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 28:69-70.
  • van Heijningen, C.A.A., Chen, J., van Laatum, I., van der Hulst, B. & ten Cate, C. 2013. Rule learning by zebra finches in an artificial grammar learning task: which rule? Animal Cognition 16: 165-175.


  • Ohms, V. R., Beckers, G. J. L., ten Cate, C. & Suthers, R. A. (2012). Vocal tract articulation revisited: the case of the monk parakeet. J. Exp. Biol. 215, 85-92. doi:10.1242/jeb.064717
  • Ohms V, Escudero P, Lammers K. & ten Cate, C. 2012. Zebra finches and Dutch adults exhibit the same cue weighting bias in vowel perception. Animal cognition, 15, 155-161. doi: 10.1007/s10071-011-0441-2
  • Verzijden, M.N., ten Cate, C., Servedio, M.R., Kozak, G.M., Boughman, J.W. & Svensson, E.I. 2012. The impact of learning on sexual selection and speciation. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 27; 511-519.
  • ten Cate, C. & Okanoya, K. 2012. Revisiting the syntactic abilities of non-human animals: natural vocalizations and artificial grammar learning. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 367; 1984-1994.


  • Geberzahn, N., Goymann, W. & ten Cate, C. (2010). Threat signaling in female song – evidence from playbacks in a sex-role reversed bird species. Behavioral Ecology, 21:1147-1155.
  • den Hartog, P.M., den Boer-Visser, A.M., ten Cate, C. (2010). Unidirectional hybridization and introgression in an avian hybrid zone: evidence from genetic markers, morphology, and comparisons with laboratory-raised F-1 hybrids. Auk, 127:605-616.
  • Ohms, V.R., Snelderwaard, P.C., ten Cate, C., Beckers, G.J.L. (2010). Vocal tract articulation in zebra finches. PLOS One, 5: e11923.
  • Slabbekoorn, H., Bouton, N., van Opzeeland, I., Coers, A., ten Cate, C. & Popper, A.N. (2010). A noisy spring: the impact of globally rising underwater sound levels on fish. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 25:419-427.
  • Verzijden, M.N., van Heusden, J., Bouton, N., Witte, F., ten Cate, C. & Slabbekoorn, H. (2010). Sounds of male Lake Victoria cichlids vary within and between species and affect mate preferences. Behavioral Ecology, 21:548-555.
  • ten Cate, C., van Heijningen, C. & Zuidema, W. (2010). Reply to Gentner et al.:As simple as possible, but not simpler.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 107:E66-E67.
  • Landsbergen, F., Lachlan, R.F., ten Cate, C. & Verhagen, A. (2010). A cultural evolutionary model of patterns in semantic change. Linguistics, 48:363-390.
  • Ohms, V.R., Gill, A., van Heijningen, C.A.A., Beckers, G.J.L. & ten Cate, C. (2010). Zebra finches exhibit speaker-independent phonetic perception of human speech. Proceedings of the Royal Society London B, 277:1003-1009.
  • Lachlan, R.F., Peters, S., Verhagen, L. & ten Cate, C. (2010). Are there species-universal categories in bird song phonology and syntax? A comparative study of chaffinches (Fringilla coelebs), zebra finches (Taeniopygia guttata) and swamp sparrows (Melospiza Georgiana). Journal of Comparative Psychology, 124:92-108.


  • van Heijningen, C.A.A., de Visser, J., Zuidema, W. & ten Cate, C. (2009). Simple rules can explain discrimination of putative recursive syntactic structures by a songbird species. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA,  106: 20538-20543.
  • Verzijden, M.N., Zwinkels, J. & ten Cate, C. (2009). Cross-fostering does not influence the mate preferences and territorial behaviour of males in Lake Victoria Cichlids. Ethology, 115, 39-48.


  • den Hartog, P.M., Slabbekoorn, H. & ten Cate C. (2008). Male territorial vocalizations and responses in an avian hybrid zone. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society London B, 363:2879-2889.
  • Holveck, M-J., Castro A.C., Lachlan R.F., ten Cate C., Riebel, K. (2008). Accuracy of song syntax learning and singing consistency signal early condition in zebra finches. Behavioral Ecology, 19, 1267-1281.


  • Bininda-Edmonds, O.R.P., Jeffery, J.E., Sanchez-Villagra, M.R., Hanken, J.,  Colbert, M., Pieau, C., Selwood, L., ten Cate, C., Raynaud, A., Osabutey, C.K. & Richardson, M.K. (2007). Forelimb-hindlimb developmental timing changes across tetrapod phylogeny. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 7: 182
  • ten Cate, C., Rowe, C. (2007), Biases in signal evolution: learning makes a difference. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 22 (7): 380-387.
  • Verzijden, M.N. & ten Cate, C. (2007). Early learning influences species assortative mating preferences in Lake Victoria cichlid fish. Biology Letters, 3(2):134-136.
  • den Hartog, P.M., de Kort, S.R., ten Cate, C. (2007). Hybrid vocalizations are effective within, but not outside, an avian hybrid zone. Behavioral Ecology, 18, 608-614.
  • Verzijden, M.R., Etman, E., Van Heijningen, C., van der Linden, M. & ten Cate, C. (2007), Song discrimination learning in zebra finches produces highly divergent responses to novel songs. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B. 274: 295-301.


  • ten Cate, C. , Verzijden, M.R. & Etman, E. (2006). Sexual imprinting can induce sexual preferences for exaggerated parental traits. Current Biology, 16: 1128-1132.
  • Leitao, A., ten Cate, C. & Riebel, K. (2006). Within song complexity in a songbird is meaningful both to male and female receivers. Animal Behaviour, 71:1289-1296.